4 key reproductive factors that increase women's CVD risk
Recent studies have offered conflicting results on the link between women’s reproductive health history and cardiovascular disease.
This prompted a further assessment by researchers from the George Institute at Oxford and the University of NSW.
Using a prospective cohort of nearly half a million adults, they found the following were each independently associated with a higher risk of CVD in later life:
- Early menarche (before 12)
- Early menopause (before 47)
- Earlier age at first birth
- A history of miscarriage,