4 key reproductive factors that increase women's CVD risk

Large study highlights the importance of more frequent screening

Recent studies have offered conflicting results on the link between women’s reproductive health history and cardiovascular disease.


This prompted a further assessment by researchers from the George Institute at Oxford and the University of NSW.

Using a prospective cohort of nearly half a million adults, they found the following were each independently associated with a higher risk of CVD in later life:

  1. Early menarche (before 12)
  2. Early menopause (before 47)
  3. Earlier age at first birth
  4. A history of miscarriage,