Brain risk alert for ex-footballers

Australian football bosses are being urged to contact all former players to warn them about their risk of developing degenerative brain disease from head knocks.

The recommendation, alongside a call to more strictly enforce stand-down periods for concussed players, is a key conclusion in an Alzheimer's Australia NSW discussion paper released Sunday.

The organisations that run two Australian football codes at the elite level — the National Rugby League and Australian Football League — have stepped up efforts in recent years to minimise harm to players by establishing groups to