Connecting urinary incontinence with chronic disease

Four distinct patterns emerge in a large study of older women

Women with urinary incontinence almost always have other chronic conditions, according to research that may have important implications for prevention and treatment.

women's toilet sign incontinence

In an analysis of US data on 3800 women with urinary incontinence, only 11% had no other chronic conditions.

Four patterns of chronic conditions emerged: cardiovascular disease risk-younger, asthma-predominant, cardiovascular disease risk-older and multiple chronic conditions.

Within three of these four clusters, the most prevalent chronic