Edentulism linked to hypertension in postmenopausal women

The risk is higher in women under 60, a study finds

Loss of all natural teeth in postmenopausal women may flag increased hypertension risk, according to findings from a large observational study.

Data from more than 36,000 women enrolled in the US Women’s Health Initiative observational study found a significant, albeit modest, increased risk of high blood pressure among those without any teeth compared with dentate women.

Previous research had linked edentulism with coronary heart disease, stroke and all-cause mortality, the researchers noted.

They said the finding of a 20% increased risk of incident hypertension with complete tooth loss suggested a need for careful blood pressure monitoring.

The study found no significant increase in incident hypertension with periodontal disease, but this condition should signal a need for improved oral hygiene to prevent tooth loss, the researchers said.

The risk of hypertension was higher among