Fewer antibiotics means (a little) more pneumonia

GPs who curb prescribing of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) can expect a slight rise in pneumonia cases in their practice, but the extra risk is small, a UK study suggests.  

A 10% decrease in antibiotic prescribing for RTIs in a typical UK practice of 7000 patients would likely result in 1.1 extra cases of pneumonia each year, researchers from King’s College London calculate.

Cases of peritonsillar abscess would also rise, but less than one extra case would be expected in a decade.  

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