Probiotics: a role in treating IBS
Our gut associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) contains the largest number of immune cells in the body and the huge number of bacteria in the gut are in constant communication with our immune cells.1,2,3 This protective function of the gut requires bacterial colonisation.
Breast milk contains prebiotic oligosaccharides which feed and help to proliferate beneficial gut bacteria.2 The nature and species of microflora are also determined by the use of antibiotics and immuno-modulatory agents, and the early introduction of cow’s milk.4
It now appears that the nature of our early microflora determines the potential for the development of mucosal disease, autoimmunity and allergies later in life.4,5,6
Probiotics have been shown to have multiple roles, including the absorption of nutrients, the integrity of our mucosal barrier, angiogenesis, intestinal motility and ultimately the maturation of our GALT through correct balancing of our T-helper