Risk of MI raised in patients with IBD

It's a reminder to carefully monitor these patients for cardiac risk factors, such as smoking and high cholesterol

People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be up to 12 times more likely to have an MI, a US study suggests.

The researchers examined a nationwide database of medical records for more than 29 million people, including almost 132,000 with ulcerative colitis and 159,000 with Crohn's disease.

Over the five-year study period, people with IBD were 25% more likely than those without the disorder to experience an MI, according to the study in the journal Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

"IBD should be regarded as an independent risk factor for the development of heart disease," said senior author Dr Mahazarin Ginwalla of University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center in Ohio.

Those with IBD should be monitored carefully for cardiac risk factors, such as smoking, obesity, hypertension, diabetes and high cholesterol, Dr Ginwalla said.

Treating risk factors and keeping symptoms of IBD