Who's dying from job stress and why?

It’s not women, a Lancet study shows

Having a demanding job and little control over it is associated with an increased risk of premature death in men with cardiometabolic disease, according to a 14-year observational study of more than 100,000 people.

However, the same cannot be said for women who are stressed at work, with no evidence to suggest it could shorten their lives — whether they have cardiometabolic disease or not.

Published in the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, the study includes two types of work stress: job strain (having high work demands and low control over them) and effort–reward imbalance (putting in lots of effort but getting little reward in return).

After controlling for socioeconomic status and several conventional and lifestyle risk factors — including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity and high alcohol consumption — the authors have