Why disadvantaged kids are at higher risk for CVD

The reason children from socially and economically disadvantaged families and neighbourhoods are more prone to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later in life is because they have thicker carotid artery walls, according to Melbourne researchers who analysed socioeconomic status (SES) data from 1477 families.

They found:

  • Both family and neighbourhood SES were associated with carotid artery inner layer thickness, but the family association was stronger.
  • Children whose family was in the lowest SES quartile (most disadvantaged) at age 11-12 were 46% more likely to have thicker carotid