Maternal diabetes and neonatal respiratory risk

The findings showed that resuscitation with CPAP or intubation occurred in 1.8% of babies whose mothers had gestational diabetes, 2.2% whose mothers had pre-gestational diabetes, and 1.2% of those born to non-diabetics.

The association was stronger when babies were born at term than preterm, indicating that prematurity was the more important predictor of respiratory distress at earlier gestational ages. Risks were also stronger with pre-gestational versus gestational diabetes, suggesting a possible dose-dependent association between maternal hyperglycaemia and neonatal respiratory morbidity.