Assessing paediatric poisoning

These substances range from drugs to household products.

Most accidental poisonings involve children up to six years old.

In this age group, even small doses can cause significant toxicity.

According to Therapeutic Guidelines: Toxicology and Wilderness, a single tablet of a beta-blocker, opioid or tricyclic antidepressant can be very toxic.

In contrast, products such as antacids and sunscreens are less toxic.

As the toxicity of a substance may be unknown, GPs can contact a poisons information centre.