Back pain cured through antibiotics?

The small study in 61 patients undergoing primary surgery for lumbar disc herniation showed that microbial cultures from herniated discs were positive in 46% of patients and 43% of the positive cultures were of anaerobic bacteria. 

Of these, 86% were infected with the anaerobic bacteria Propionibacterium acnes.

In addition, 80% of the discs infected with anaerobic bacteria developed new modic changes (bone oedema) in the vertebrae next to the previous disc herniation, representing a five-fold increase in new modic changes associated with anaerobic culture compared with discs with no bacteria or aerobic