Bone marrow transplant clears HIV

More than three years on, the patients remain free of the virus, although they remain on antiretroviral therapy (ART) as a precaution.

Dr Sam Milliken, director of St Vincent’s Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation said the patients, who had long-standing HIV infection, had undergone the transplants to treat their cancer and the impact on their HIV status was unexpected. One patient was being treated for lymphoma and the other for secondary acute leukaemia that had arisen from an initial lymphoma diagnosis.

The transplants were performed in 2010 and 2011. Around the