Caesarean rates dropped through counselling
Finnish researchers used a questionnaire to identify nulliparous pregnant women who had a severe fear of childbirth.
Ninety women were randomised to intervention, which involved six two-hour group therapy sessions prior to childbirth and one after childbirth, with each session including a 30-minute guided relaxation exercise.
While in the control group 106 women received specialised care for their fear of childbirth and 134 were cared for by community health nurses and GPs. There was no purely non-treatment group for ethical reasons.