Cardiovascular risk doubles with earlier menopause

In a cohort of US women including white, Chinese, Hispanic and black participants, researchers found self-reported menopause occurring before the age of 46 years was an independent predictor of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest and stroke.

More than 2500 women aged 45–84 years participated in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, with 28% reporting early menopause.

During a five-year follow-up researchers found a two-fold increased risk of events after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors,