Cognitive decline as CVD risks rise

Nearly 4000 participants, aged between 35 and 82, underwent cognitive testing to measure their ability to plan and reason, and to initiate and switch tasks. A separate test gauged memory function. The Framingham Risk Score was used to determine their risk of cardiovascular events over the next 10 years.

The Dutch research team found smoking and diabetes were the strongest determinants of cognitive function. Increasing age and HDL cholesterol were also linked to poorer cognitive scores.