Diagnosing knee injuries

An accurate diagnosis for most knee injuries can be made by taking a detailed history and using careful clinical examination to confirm.

This history includes the location and nature of the pain, the mechanism of injury, the development of pain, swelling, instability, locking, previous injuries, previous treatment and response.

The two most common signs to look for in the knee are swelling and evidence of a meniscal tear. Instability testing was covered previously in Sport Report ( 7 August 2013).

Effusion

Synovial fluid is important for the

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