Ethnic variation in premmies

AS IN the rest of the world, patterns of immigration to Australia have changed dramatically over the past 20–30 years. 

We have moved from predominantly Caucasian migrants from the UK and Europe, to increasing numbers of people from Asia, especially China, and an increase in Polynesian and Maori migrants. 

With this has come a change in our demography that filters down into all facets of healthcare access and utilisation. 

One example of these changes was recently published by Ruan and colleagues at the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) Group from an audit of admissions to all 10 neonatal units in NSW and the ACT. More than 10,000 infants born between 1995 and 2006 at  less than 32 weeks’ gestation were included in the study. 

It showed that during the 12-year study period, 84% of births were of Caucasian background, 9% were Asian, 4.3% were to Indigenous parents, 1.2% were of Pacific and Maori (PAM