Gestational diabetes risk with low vitamin D

The link remained significant even after adjusting for age, season of blood sampling, vitamin D supplementation, and adiposity. The 46 women who developed gestational diabetes were on average older, but their adiposity and body fat percentages were similar to the rest of the group.

About 27% of the group were considered deficient in vitamin D.

Women whose vitamin D levels were below 75nmol/L during the first trimester had lower insulin sensitivity in the second trimester. Risk for