Is gluten a common culprit in functional dyspepsia?

Gluten and fat consumption may be linked to functional dyspepsia in some patients, a systematic review shows.

Researchers from the University of Newcastle have examined 16 studies on the connection between diet and the symptoms of early satiety, post-prandial fullness, epigastric pain and burning that can occur in functional dyspepsia.

They found that wheat and gluten ingestion were related to both post-prandial distress and epigastric pain, and dietary fats had a “consistent influence on post-prandial distress symptoms”.

Wheat-containing foods were implicated in