Heartburn: A quick refresher


HOW TO TREAT IN BRIEF

ENDOSCOPY is the linchpin in the investigation of reflux and oesophagogastric symptoms. It can identify minor mucosal change, such as oesophagitis or ulceration, and biopsy of suspicious lesions can be performed.

Empirical management by acid-reduction medication for typical heartburn has been advocated by gastroenterology societies. It does, however, obscure the diagnostic ability of identifying oesophagitis, it may delay the identification of dysplasia or malignancy and

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