Imaging can lead to tailored anxiety therapy

US researchers studied fMRI scans of 39 patients as they looked at angry and neutral faces and scenes, prior to CBT. Their response to anxiety was measured on a scale before and after therapy.

They found the brain responses, particularly from higher-order visual cortex regions, were associated with therapy outcomes and accounted for about 40% of the variance in treatment response.

“The results suggest that brain imaging can provide biomarkers that substantially improve predictions for the success of [CBT] and more generally suggest that