Iron-rich diet to alleviate PMS

In a case-control study nested within the Nurses’ Health Study II, researchers examined mineral intake based on food frequency questionnaires over 10 years in 1000 participants who developed clinically confirmed PMS and nearly 2000 controls.

They found women who consumed the most non-haem iron — found primarily in plant food such as spinach or in supplements — had a nearly 40% reduced relative risk of PMS.

The association was seen with intake of >20mg/day, equivalent to one serving of iron