Legacy of childhood trauma

THE great English epidemiologist Dr Geoffrey Rose claimed that good epidemiology requires not just looking at the cause of a disease, but the cause of the cause, and the cause of the cause of the cause…

So, when it comes to lifestyle-related chronic disease, it’s little surprise that certain apparent ‘causes’ — e.g. poor diet, smoking, drug abuse — might have determinants that extend beyond the person’s immediate actions.

The appalling evidence on child sexual abuse from numerous recent public inquiries,