Low-carb diet reduces inflammation: study

The study in 61 patients showed that those following a low-carb diet had lower levels of the subclinical inflammatory markers IL-1 receptor antagonist and IL-6 than the group who followed a low-fat diet after six months.

Statin treatment did not affect the observed differences and BMI fell by 2kg/m2 in both groups.

The findings indicated that the use of a low-carb diet, aiming for 20% energy from carbohydrates, may be an effective strategy to improve the subclinical inflammatory state in type 2 diabetes, the authors wrote.

Ann Med 2014; 46:182-187