Lyme disease

Lyme disease (LD) is a tickborne infection caused by a spiral bacteria (spirochaete). As this spirochaete is a Borrelia species, the illness is also known as Lyme borreliosis (LB).

Mothers of children in Lyme, Connecticut, US, were concerned that local children diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis had also reported unusual skin lesions following tick bite.

In 1981, Burgdorfer and Barbour isolated the causative spirochaete (Borrelia burgdorferi) from Ixodes