Managing ADHD across the entire lifespan

It is a major cause of relationship breakdown, academic underachievement and workplace failure. Controversy remains over its diagnosis in adolescents and adults, the biological versus psychosocial causation and its treatment with stimulant medication.

ADHD is known to have three subtypes: an inattentive type characterised by impairment of the inattention symptom dimension, the most common in epidemiological samples; a hyperactive-impulsive type characterised by impairment of the hyperactive-impulsive symptom