MI poses the biggest initial threat to life

The study of 20,000 people with type 2 diabetes showed that risk of death in the first week was highest for MI, followed by stroke, heart failure, renal failure and amputation.

After a month however, heart failure had a 32% higher risk of death, renal failure an 80% increased risk, and amputation a 56% increased risk, compared with MI.

Patients who had an MI and survived the first month had a life expectancy of about five years, depending on age, the study found.

Patients experiencing a stroke had the highest life expectancy at about six years and those with renal failure the lowest at about three years,