Mothers’ depression can affect offspring

The UK study in 4500 parents and children showed off-spring of mothers who had antenatal depression were 28% more likely to have depression at age 18, for each standard deviation increase in antenatal maternal depression scores.

PND was also associated with a 24% increased risk of depression in children at 18, but the effect disappeared once sociodemographic variables were included.

The effects of PND were evident only in mothers with low education, whereas antenatal depression impacted on children’s depression with both high and low education.