Mycobacteria infection linked to gastric banding

The 18 unrelated cases, occurring between 2005 and 2011, were found by reviewing positive cultures at the Queensland state reference laboratory or through correspondence with clinicians, researchers said.

Eleven of the cases involved infection with Mycobacterium fortuitum and seven were infected with Mycobacterium abscessus, wrote the authors, led by Dr Hugh Wright, an infectious diseases specialist at the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital.   

In all the cases, despite antibiotic treatments, the infection was only finally resolved by removing the gastric band.