Neonatal abstinence syndrome

Introduction

Substance abuse is common in society and this is mirrored in pregnancy. The use of illicit drugs in the previous month is reported to occur in 3.4% of pregnant women. This occurs on background rates of smoking in 33% and alcohol consumption to a variable extent of over 40% in pregnancy. Polydrug misuse is common. These are conservative estimates based on admitted intake, which is well below actual intake as measured with samples of urine or hair from mothers and urine

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