Neonatal abstinence syndrome


Substance abuse is common in society and this is mirrored in pregnancy. The use of illicit drugs in the previous month is reported to occur in 3.4% of pregnant women. This occurs on background rates of smoking in 33% and alcohol consumption to a variable extent of over 40% in pregnancy. Polydrug misuse is common. These are conservative estimates based on admitted intake, which is well below actual intake as measured with samples of urine or hair from mothers and urine