Psychological distress and cardiovascular risk

Participants in the study had a mean age of almost 55 years, and were followed for an average of just over eight years. Nearly 15% experienced psychological distress. None had a known history of cardiovascular diseases at baseline.

However, participants with psychological distress had a higher risk of death from cerebrovascular disease and ischaemic heart disease.

The researchers noted that adjusting for antihypertensive medication as a proxy of increased blood pressure had minimal effect on the association between distress and cerebrovascular