Risk factors for obesity in children arise in pregnancy and infancy

UK researchers analysed 30 prospective trials that followed up children from birth to at least two years of age.

They found that maternal weight prior to pregnancy, maternal smoking during pregnancy, early rapid weight gain and a high birth weight were all predictors of overweight or obesity in children.

Breastfeeding had a moderate protective effect, as children who were breastfed were found to be 15% less likely to be overweight than those not breastfed. Some evidence linked early introduction of solid foods with increased risk of