SCHISTOSOMIASIS (‘Bilharzia’) is an infection caused by Schistosoma species, which are a type of worm (trematodes or flukes).
Five species cause significant illness in humans.
- Schistosoma mansoni (found in sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East, northeastern Brazil, Surinam, Venezuela, Caribbean),
- S. haematobium (sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East)
- S. japonicum (in China, along central lakes and Yangtze, parts of the Philippines and Indonesia).
- S. mekongi is found