Steroid injections beat exercise for frozen shoulder

Manual therapy and exercise may not be as effective as glucocorticoid injection in the short-term to treat adhesive capsulitis, according to the findings of an Australian-authored Cochrane review.

The analysis of 32 trials with 1,836 participants found people who had manual therapy and exercise for six weeks had a 32 point-change on a pain score scale of 0 to 100 points, compared with glucocorticoid injection which recorded a change of 58 points.

Those who underwent manual therapy and exercise also reported less improvement in function and treatment success than glucocorticoid injection, according