Study links use of OCP with risk of glaucoma
Previous studies have found oestrogen may play a role in the pathogenesis of glaucoma but research presented at the American Academy of Ophthalmology annual meeting last week was said to be the first to establish an association between oral contraception and glaucoma risk.
American and Chinese researchers studied 3406 US women aged 40 who completed a vision and reproductive health questionnaire and underwent visual field eye exams. They found females who had used any oral contraceptives for longer than three years were twice as likely to report a diagnosis of glaucoma.
The authors said long-term use of oral contraceptives may be considered as part of the risk profile for a patient together with other risk factors, such as ethnicity, family history and existing visual field defects.
"Women who have taken oral contraceptives for three