Sustained inflation shows limited benefit for preterm infants

Sustained inflation in new-born preterm infants is not effective unless they are breathing spontaneously, according to a multinational study that includes Australia.

The 70-infant study shows those who are breathing spontaneously during a sustained inflation of 10 seconds and a peak pressure of 25 cmH2O have larger tidal volumes than infants who do not breathe spontaneously.

Infants in the study who were not breathing spontaneously failed to respond to sustained inflation in the absence of