Type 1 diabetes risk highest away from the equator

Children who live nearer to the equator are less likely to develop type 1 diabetes, new research confirms.

The effect of latitude was estimated at 3.5% per degree away from the equator after allowing for socioeconomic status, population density and ethnicity, the researchers found.

Each degree of latitude was equivalent to approximately 111km, they noted.

“This equates to a doubling of risk across Western Australia’s latitudinal range (15-35° south,)” the study authors from the Telethon Kids