Ultrasound after UTI in kids may be sufficient

Finnish researchers followed up 193 patients from a population-based cohort six to 17 years after a childhood UTI.

Despite finding that 15% had a unilateral renal parenchymal defect and 3% of patients had unilateral growth retardation, the glomerular filtration rates and blood pressure levels were within normal ranges in all patients, suggesting no long-term kidney damage, the authors said. All but one of the renal parenchymal defects seen on ultrasonography were in patients with grade III-V VUR, they noted.

The authors concluded that