Vegetarians at reduced metabolic syndrome risk

Vegetarian diets have been linked with reduced risk factors for metabolic syndrome, according to cross-sectional analysis of 773 individuals who answered a questionnaire in the Adventist Health Study 2. 

Almost half the participants were classed as vegetarian, and the average age of those in the study was 60 years. After adjusting for other risk factors, researchers found that the vegetarian diet reduced most risk factors for metabolic syndrome, including triglycerides, glucose levels, BP and waist circumference. It also reduced the risk of metabolic syndrome itself. The vegetarian diet was not associated with lower levels of HDL cholesterol.

Diabetes Care, online 16 March