Women and diabetes

Women and men have differing risk profiles for the onset of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes.

For example, compared to men, women of reproductive age have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, this health advantage is eliminated in postmenopausal women and in reproductive-age women with diabetes.

Also, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have 5—10 times the average risk of type 2 diabetes.

Differences in body fat distribution, levels of circulating sex hormones and