Complementary medicines in diabetes
A recent meta-analysis showed vitamin D and calcium insufficiency negatively influence glycaemic control and combined supplementation of both nutrients may be beneficial in optimising glucose metabolism.1
Metformin was developed from the herb French lilac (Galega officinalis). One of the main side-effects associated with long term use is vitamin B12 deficiency.2
There is a role for testing serum B12 levels in people with diabetes taking metformin for long periods.
Alpha lipoic acid
Alpha lipoic acid is a potent antioxidant found in every cell that helps convert glucose into energy.3
A recent five-week trial of oral alpha-lipoic acid in three different doses also demonstrated benefits, significantly improving neuropathic symptoms in diabetic patients compared with placebo.4