Diet tips to regulate blood glucose

1. Low glycaemic index (GI) carbohydrates

GI is a ranking (0–100) of carbohydrate foods and their effect on blood glucose after consumption. GI describes the quality of the carbohydrate but the quantity still needs to be considered. 

Low-GI foods (0–55) are digested more slowly and cause a slow rise and fall in blood glucose and insulin. 

These foods include orchard fruits, legumes, certain potatoes, sweet corn, wholegrain breads, oat-based cereals such as porridge and muesli, durum wheat pasta, basmati rice, chestnuts and low-fat dairy.1 

Those who follow low-GI diets are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes or heart disease, or to gain weight.2,3 

Low-GI foods also help control appetite, making weight management easier.4 Recommend patients consume at least one portion-controlled low-GI carb at each meal, each day.

2. High-GI carbohydrates