Juvenile xanthogranuloma

These benign lesions may look serious, but usually disappear spontaneously

Juvenile xantho­granuloma is a type of skin tumour that histologically comprises multiple benign histiocytic cells that become progressively lipidised and turn into foam cells.

Similar cell types are seen in xanthomas, the cutaneous lesions of hyperlipidaemias.

However, juvenile xanthogranuloma is a so-called ‘normolipaemic xanthomatosis'— the serum lipids are normal.

Figure 1. Typical bright yellow-orange juvenile xanthogranuloma on chest.
Typical bright yellow-orange juvenile xanthogranuloma on chest.

Figure 2. Yellow juvenile xanthogranuloma on scalp, with small satellite lesions.
Yellow juvenile xanthogranuloma on scalp, with small

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