Frontline experience linked to brain changes

Dutch researchers studied 22 soldiers from a NATO peacekeeping operation using neuropsychological tests and imaging to compare brain changes tied to executive functions, which rely on attention and working memory for planning and decision-making.

They found exposure to combat stress affected the structural integrity of the midbrain and interfered with the soldiers’ ability to sustain attention.

“These alterations normalise within 1.5 years in

Latest