Pain management in chronic kidney disease

A practical approach to a complex issue
Ms Breonny Robson Tiffany Slejko

Joan is a 77-year-old woman with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, orthostatic hypotension, central adiposity, and chronic kidney disease stage 3B without albuminuria.

She has an atrophic left kidney and typical eGFR 30mL/min, which has been stable for six years.