How to Treat

Around one in two adults with type 2 diabetes will have chronic kidney disease (CKD). Screening undertaken in all people with type 2 diabetes at least annually can identify patients with
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Echocardiography is the cornerstone of heart failure (HF) diagnosis and classifies HF into HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). This
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Monocular diplopia is the presence of double vision when viewing with just the one (affected) eye; it is almost always related to an ocular pathology. Binocular diplopia is most commonly
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Irregular vaginal bleeding is common and may be the only symptom of serious pathology. Bleeding may arise from any part of the genital tract, and a systematic approach is required.
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In terms of clinical management, consider tension headache and migraine on a spectrum. A holistic approach to migraine management seems preferable to conventional serial polypharmacy.
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the few cancers in Australia with increasing incidence and mortality. Indigenous Australians are affected at twice the rate of non-Indigenous
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Adrenal incidentaloma can be assessed with a dedicated non-contrast CT scan, an aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR), plasma metanephrines and an overnight 1mg dexamethasone suppression test.
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