History: Why Jim might be the most important horse in medical history

He even spurred on the creation of the US Food and Drug Administration

Forget Phar Lap — the most important equine in history might well be Jim, the retired milk-wagon horse.


Jim is credited with not only saving lives but bringing about the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Horses like Jim were instrumental in the pre-vaccine days of diphtheria.

A nasty disease, diphtheria can slowly suffocate its victims as the bacteria causes a thin film to develop over the throat.

And before treatment, it was fatal in up to half of cases.

Enter the equines. At the end of the 18th century, scientists working on