Patient clears HIV infection without any treatment: case

The young Argentinian woman's case offers hope for a sterilising HIV-1 cure, say US doctors

A young woman from Argentina may be the first to clear HIV-1 naturally, without stem cell transplantation, raising hopes that a 'sterilising cure' may be a rare but possible outcome of infection, US researchers say.

A sterilising cure means complete elimination of replication-competent proviruses, Dr Xu Yu of Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston, and colleagues note in Annals of Internal Medicine.

It was previously believed to have occurred in only two patients (the

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