How forceps permanently changed the way humans are born

Obstetric forceps look like ninja weapons.


They come as a pair: 16 inches of solid steel for each hand with curved 'blades' that taper into a set of moulded grips. Designed for emergencies that require a quick delivery, they have a heftiness that conveys the weight of wielding them.

The first time I saw forceps used was also when I learned how to use them.

An experienced senior obstetrician and I did the emergency delivery in tandem.

She showed me how to